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Thursday, 6 September 2012

Astronomical Calendar 2013 astronomy events





Now that we've passed 2012, after the Mayan calendar is also done, let's continue our Julian calendar with Astronomical Calendar 2013 astronomy events.
This calendar will be modified with events which will appear in time, such as evolving asteroids or other objects in the sky.
Here's how it looks:


01 January 2013  -Comet P/1996 R2 (Lagerkvist) Closest To Earth (2.546 AU).

02 January 2013  -Comet C/2011 UF305 (LINEAR) Closest To Earth (1.917 AU)



03.04 January 2013 - Quadrantids. Quadrantid meteor shower, get to have up to 40 meteors per hour, usually on 3 and 4 January, but may be visible on 1-5 January. The highest rate of meteors per hour took place in 1932 (80/ hour). The best time for observations is a dark place after midnight. Meteors radiate from the constellation Bootes, close to the North Star.
The source of this meteor shower was unknown until December 2003 when Peter Jenniskens of the Ames Research Center (NASA) found evidence that meteoroids come from 2003 EH1 , an "asteroid", which is probably a piece of a comet which collapsed 500 years ago.





03 january 2013Earth at Perihelion  .  Earth reaches the closest point to the Sun.




03 january 2013- Mercury at Aphelion  . Mercury reaches the farthest point from the Sun.

09 january 2013- 99942 Apophis. The asteroid should peak at about apparent magnitude 15.7.




11 january 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 7:44 p.m..


 


22 january 2013The Moon at Apogee  at 12:52 Moon will reach apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 405,313 km from Earth.
 


27 january 2013- Full MoonEarth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 4:38.










10 february 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 7:20 p.m.




15  february 2013 - Asteroid 2012 DA14  will pass by Earth at an altitude of 27.000 km.

16 february 2013 Mercury at the highest elongation: 18.1 ° E la at 23:00.

17 february 2013 Mercury at the  perihelion.  Mercury reaches its closest point to the Sun from 05:00.

19 february 2013The Moon at Apogee  at 08:30 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 404,475 km from Earth.


21 february 2013 - Venus at the Aphelion  . Venus reaches the farthest point from the Sun at 05:00.


21 february 2013Neptun-Sun Conjunction  at  09:00.



25 february 2013 - Full MoonEarth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 20:26.



06 march 2013Moon at the Perigee  at 2:20 Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 369,954 km from Earth.

10 march 2013 - - Comet C2011 L4 Pan-STARRS will be closest to Earth. The best time to observe comet Pan-STARRS will likely be on 12 and 13 March 2013 on the west.



11 march 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 19:51.


19 march 2013Moon at the Apogee.  at 5:13 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 404,262 km from Earth.

20 march 2013 - Equinox of March. March Equinox occurs at 05:14 UT. The Sun will shine directly on the equator and the days and nights will be almost equal in the whole world. This is also the first day of spring (spring equinox) in the northern hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal equinox), in the southern hemisphere.




27 march 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 09:27.



28 march 2013 - The Moon will be very close to the bright star Spica in the constellation Virgo.

29 march 2013Uranus-Sun Conjunction  at  02:00.


31 march 2013 Mercury at the highest elongation: 27.8°W at 24:00


01 april 2013 - Comet C/2012 F6 (Lemmon) - Northern hemisphere observers, will have first glimpse of the comet, in early April, but until then is a objective exclusively for astronomers in the southern hemisphere.


16 april  2013 - Moon at the Apogee.  at 0:21 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 404,865 km from Earth.

18 april  2013Mars-Sun Conjunction  at  02:00.



21.22 april 2013 - Lyrid meteor shower. Lyrids are meteor showers with medium intensity, usually producing about 20 meteors per hour. These meteors can produce bright dust tail that takes a few seconds. Some meteors may be visible between April 16 to 25. The Moon will not light up the sky, and so it would be a good show. These meteors radiate from the constellation Lyra, and their source Comet Thatcher 18611.


25 april 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 19:57.




25 april 2013- Partial Eclipse of the Moon . Earth is between the Moon and the Sun and Earth shadow will partially cover lunar disc at 11:09 p.m. (mag = 0.014). Eclipse will be visible mostly from Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia.

27 april 2013 - Moon at the Perigee  at 9:48 p.m. reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 362,268 km from Earth.


28 april 2013 -  Saturn in opposition.The planet will be closest to Earth and it's face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. This is the best time to view and photograph Saturn and its moons.



05, 06 may 2013- Eta Aquarid meteor shower. Eta Aquarids usually produce about 10 meteors per hour. The highest intensity usually take place on 5 and 6.
Full Moon will discourage observations. The radiant point is the constellation Aquarius, and the meteors originates from Comet Halley. The best observations are usually to the east after midnight, away from city lights.




10 may 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 00:28.



13 may 2013 - Moon at the Apogee. at 3:31 p.m. the Moon will reach its peak, the farthest point from Earth: 405,827 km from Earth.

16 may  2013 Mercury at the perihelion. Mercury reaches its closest point to the Sun from 05:00.


25 may 2013 -Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 04:25.



28 may 2013 - Moon at the Perigee  at 3:45 Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 358,375 km from Earth.


28 may 2013 - Conjunction of Venus with Jupiter. The two bright planets will be at 1 degree apart in the sky series. Mercury will also be visible nearby. Look lavest close to sunset.



08  june  2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 15:56.



09 june 2013 - Moon at the Apogee.  at 11:40 p.m. Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 406,487 km from Earth.

12 june 2013 Mercury at the greatest elongation24.3°E  at  19:00.


13 june 2013 Venus at the perihelion.  Venus reaches the closest point to the Sun at 14:00.




19 june 2013Jupiter-Sun Conjunction at  17:00.




20 june 2012 - June Solstice. June solstice occurs at 23:09 UT. North Pole of the Earth will be tilted towards the Sun, which will reach the northernmost position in the sky. This is the first day of summer (summer solstice) on the northern hemisphere, and the first day of winter (winter solstice), in the southern hemisphere.


23 june 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:32.



23 june 2013 - Moon at the Perigee  at 1:09 p.m. Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 356,990 km from Earth.

29 june 2013 - Mercury at Aphelion . Mercury reaches the farthest point from the Sun at 03:00.


03 july 2013 Venus-Star cluster Beehive:  0.1°N at  17:26.





05 july 2013- Earth at Aphelion  . Earth reaches the furthest point to the Sun at 20:59.



07 july 2013 - Moon at the Apogee.  at 2:36 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 406,493 km from Earth.


08 july 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 07:14.



21 july 2013 - Moon at the Perigee  at 10:27 p.m. Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 358,402 km from Earth.


22 july 2013 - Venus-Regulus: 1.0°N.






22 july 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 18:15.




28, 29 july 2013 - South Delta Aquarids  can produce about 20 meteors per hour. Radiant point for these meteors is in the constellation Aquarius.






30 july 2013  Mercury at the highest elongation:  19.6°W at 11:00.

03 august 2013 - Moon at the Apogee.  at 10:53 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 405,834 km from Earth.


06 august 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 21:51.



12 august 2013  Mercury at Aphelion . Mercury reaches the farthest point from the Sun at 03:00.

12.13 august 2013 - Perseid meteor shower.   Perseids are one of the best meteor showers that produce up to 60 meteors per hour at their peak hours. Radiant point is in the constellation Perseus, and the meteors originates from the tail of Swift-Tuttle Comet.Find a place away from city lights and look to the northeast after midnight.



19 august 2013 - Moon at the Perigee  at 3:26 Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 362,265 km from Earth.



21 august 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 01:45.


27 august 2013 -  Neptune will be in oposition. The planet will be closest to Earth and it will be fully illuminated by the Sun. This is the best time to observe Neptune. Because of its distance, it will appear only as a tiny blue dot.



05 september 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 11:36.




06 september 2013 - Venus-Spica: 1.5°N at 02:37.




08 september 2013 - Mars - Beehive: 0.5°S la ora 12:00.


08 september 2013 - Venus 0.4 ° N of the Moon, occultation at 11:04 p.m..




15 september 2013  - Moon at the Perigee  at 6:34 p.m. reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 367,388 km from Earth.


19  september 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:13.




22 september 2013 - September Equinox.September Equinox occurs at 14:49 UT. The Sun will shine directly on the equator Days and nights will be almost equal in the whole world. This is also the first day of fall (autumn equinox) on the northern hemisphere, and the first day of spring (vernal equinox), in the southern hemisphere.

25 september 2013 - Mercury - Spica: 0.7°N at 00:29.

27 september 2013- Moon at the Apogee.  at 8:17 p.m. the Moon will reach its peak, the farthest point from Earth: 404,309 km from Earth.

03 october 2013 -  Uranus in oposition..  The blue-green planet will be closest to Earth and it will be fully illuminated by the Sun. This is the best time to observe and photograph Uranus. Because of its distance, it will appear only as a small blue-green dot.


03 october 2013 Venus at the Aphelion . Venus reaches the farthest point from the Sun at 21:00.




05 october 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 00:34.



06 october 2013 - Mercury 3 ° S. of Moon.

07 october 2013 - Draconid Meteor shower. The Moon will be illuminated 5%.

09 october 2013 Mercury at the highest elongation25.3°E at 12:00.

10 october 2013 - Saturn 5.4 ° north of Mercury (conjunction).

11 october 2013 - Moon at the Perigee  at 1:06 Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 369,813 km from Earth.

15 october 2013 - Mars - Regulus: 0.9°N at  05:51.



 


18 october 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 23:38.

18 october 2013 -  Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. The eclipse will be visible all over the world at 1:51 pm, except in Australia and extreme eastern Siberia.




21, 22 october 2013 - Orionid meteor shower. Orionids are a meteor shower of medium intensity, which produces about 20 meteors per hour. A good view is in any morning from October 20 to 24. The first Quarter Moon will set before midnight, leaving a dark sky. The best cardinal point to see will be to the east after midnight.Orionids originates from Comet Halley.


25 october 2013- Moon at the Apogee. at 4:25 p.m. the Moon will reach its peak, the farthest point from Earth: 404,561 km from Earth.



 


01 november 2013  Venus reaches the highest elongation: 47.1°E at  11:00


03 november 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 12:50.



06 november 2013  - Moon at the Perigee  at 11:28 Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 365,362 km from Earth.


06 november 2013Saturn-Sun Conjunction  at 13:00.




08 november 2013  Mercury at Aphelion . Mercury reaches the farthest point from the Sun at 02:00.


17 november 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 15:16.





17, 18 november 2013 - Leonids - meteor shower.- Leonids meteor showers are one of the best for observation. You will see about 40 meteors per hour.Leonids have a cyclic peak year every 33 years when hundreds of meteors can be seen each hour. Last time this phenomenon occurred in 2001. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Leo after midnight and the meteors originates from the tail of the Comet Temple-Tuttle.

18 november 2013  Mercury reaches the highest elongation: 19.5°W  at  04:00.

22 november 2013  - Moon at the Apogee  at 11:50 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 405,446 km from Earth.

26 november 2013- Mercury - Saturn: 0.3° at  07:00.


03 december 2013 - New Moon. Moon will be between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase takes place at 00:22.



04 december 2013  - Moon at the Perigee  at 12:15 Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth: 360,065 km from Earth.


13, 14 december 2013 - Geminid meteor shower- is considered by many to be the best meteor shower on the the sky. Geminids are known to produce up to 60 multicolored meteors per hour at their peak. Most usually appear on, or around 13 by December and 14, although some meteors should be visible between 06 and 19 December. They radiate from the constellation Gemini and originates from the asteroid 3200 Phaeton. This year, New Moon will guarantee a dark sky, so it would be a wonderful show. The best observation is to the east after midnight in a dark area.



17 december 2013 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 09:28.


20 december 2013- Moon at the Apogee   at 1:49 Moon reaches apogee, the farthest point from Earth: 406,269 km from Earth.

21 december 2013 -The December solstice occurs at 13:12. South Pole of the Earth will be tilted towards the Sun, and will reach the most northern position in the sky. This makes it the first day of winter (winter solstice), the northern hemisphere, and the first day of summer (summer solstice), in the southern hemisphere.

22 december 2013 - Mercury at Aphelion . Mercury reaches the farthest point from the Sun at 02:00.


26 december 2013 - Comet C/2012 S1 (ISON), In December 26, 2013 will be closest to Earth, 64 million miles. The comet will be at perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) on 28 November 2013, at a distance of 0.012 AU (1.8 million km) from the center of the Sun.



29 december 2013 - Saturn 0.9 ° N of Moon, ocultation at  03:42.



Legend:

-Perihelion-position in the orbit of a planet closest to the Sun.
-Aphelion - position in the orbit of a planet farthest from the Sun.
-Perigee -  the position of the Moon closest to Earth.
-Apogee -  the position of the Moon farthest to Earth.
-Inferior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passing between the Earth and Sun.
-Superior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.
-Greatest elongation - elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth, during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star, during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star.
-Opposition - position in the orbit of a planet when opposites the Sun as seen from Earth.

-Conjunction - position in the orbit of a planet when appears closer to the Sun as seen from Earth.
-Occultation - Moon occults or eclipses a star or a planet.
-Ascending Node - the point where a planet passes from the southern to the northern part of its orbit.
-Descending Node - the point where a planet passes from the northern to the southern side of its orbit.




See Astronomical Calendar 2012.

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