Opportunities for observation for September 2014:
08 september 2014 - Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (358,388 km from Earth) at 05:30 GMT +2.
09 september 2014 - Full Moon. Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and so the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 03:38 GMT +2.
12 september 2014 -Mercury at aphelion. The planet will be at its farthest point from the Sun at 00:00.
20 september 2014 - Moon at apogee. Luna reaches the farthest point from Earth (405,846 km from Earth) at 16:23 GMT +2.
23 september 2014 - September Equinox.September Equinox occurs at 04:29 GMT +2. The Sun will shine directly on the equator Days and nights will be almost equal in the whole world. This is also the first day of fall (autumn equinox) on the northern hemisphere, and the first day of spring (vernal equinox), in the southern hemisphere.
24 september 2014 - New Moon. Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 08:14 GMT +2.
28 september 2014 - Moon-Saturn occultation. Saturn 0.8 ° S of Moon at 6:46.
-Perihelion-position in the orbit of a planet closest to the Sun.
-Aphelion - position in the orbit of a planet farthest from the Sun.
-Perigee - the position of the Moon closest to Earth.
-Apogee - the position of the Moon farthest to Earth.
-Inferior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passing between the Earth and Sun.
-Superior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.
-Greatest elongation - elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth, during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star, during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star.
-Opposition - position in the orbit of a planet when opposites the Sun as seen from Earth.
-Conjunction - position in the orbit of a planet when appears closer to the Sun as seen from Earth.
-Occultation - Moon occults or eclipses a star or a planet.
-Ascending Node - the point where a planet passes from the southern to the northern part of its orbit.
-Descending Node - the point where a planet passes from the northern to the southern side of its orbit.