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Thursday, 31 December 2015

Astronomical Calendar 2016 astronomy events.



Those who have the passion to look into the sky have something to notice every night throughout the year. As the Earth travels around the sun for 365 days, there are a number of important events from meteor showers to conjunctions or eclipses.

In 2016, many astronomical events are observed, but the truth is that many will bypass observations for Europe, and therefore people have to travel the world to see them.
2016 is full of surprises for observers worldwide. A lot of events will take place this year from occultations to eclipses.

If you are in Eastern Europe, you should not miss the penumbra lunar eclipse on 16 September.
Another rarer event is conjunction of Venus with Jupiter on August 27. The two planets are very close to each other, just 0.6 degrees.
The most rare and spectacular event of the year 2016 remains in my opinion Mercury transiting the Sun on May 9. For its observation you should be equipped with a solar filter and a pair of binoculars or a telescope.
Take your binoculars or telescope from the closet, because surely, in 2016 you will not have too many pauses between the events that will unfold in the sky.

See this calendar in Romanian language.
See this calendar in Italian language.

Astronomical Calendar 2015 astronomical events.

I have gathered here informations about astronomical phenomena of the year 2015 which took me a lot of time and believe me it was not easy to put them together. I hope you'll find interesting this astronomical calendar.


January.
02 January 2016 - the last quarter moon. 07:30.
02 January 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (404279 km from Earth) at 1:53 p.m..
►03 January 2016 - Earth at perihelion. Earth reaches the closest point to the Sun, 0.98330 AU, 01:00.
03 January 2016 - Mars 1.5 ° S Moon at 20:45.
03,04 January 2016 - Quadrantids. Quadrantid Meteor shower, get to have up to 40 meteors per hour, usually on 3 and 4 January, but may be visible from the 1st January to 5th. The highest rate of meteors per hour took place in 1932 (80 per hour). Meteors radiate from the constellation Bootes, near the North Star.
The source of this meteor shower was unknown until December 2003 when Peter Jenniskens of the Ames Research Center (NASA) found evidence that meteoroids come from 2003 EH1 , an "asteroid", which is probably a piece of a comet which collapsed 500 years ago.This year, the last quarter the moon will make this event a favorable time for observation.
08 January 2016 - Mercury perihelion. The planet will be at its closest point to the Sun at 20:00.
10 January 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 3:30.
12 January 2016 - Comet 116P / Wild reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.50-year orbit. Its return was observed 4 times.
14 January 2016 - Mercury at inferior conjunction at 16:00.
15 January 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (369619 km from Earth) at 4:10.
17 January 2016 - the first quarter moon. at 1:26.
17 January 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2014 Y1) reaches perihelion, the closest position from the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return was seen 0 times.
19 January 2016 - Comet P / PanSTARRS (2015 P4) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an orbit of 15.0 years. Its return has been seen 1 times.
20 January 2016 - Aldebaran 0.5 ° S Moon at 4:16.
21 January 2016 - Comet 211P / Hill reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.71-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
24 January 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 3:46.
28 January 2016 - Jupiter 1.4 ° N of Moon at 3:14.
30 January 2015 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (404553 km from Earth) at 11:10.

February.
01 February 2016 - the last quarter The moon. at 5:28.
07 February 2016 - Mercury at greatest elongation at: 25.6 ° W, 03:00
08 February 2016 - Comet 50P / Arend reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.25-year orbit. Its return was seen 8 times.
08 February 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 16:39..
11 February 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (364358 km from Earth) at 4:42.

15 February 2016 - the first quarter of the moon. at 9:46.
16 February 2016 - Aldebaran 0.3 ° S from the Moon at 9:41.
21 February 2016 - Mercury at aphelion. The planet will be at its farthest point from the Sun at 19:00.
22 February 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 20:20.

27 February 2016 - Comet 147 P / Kushida Muramatsu reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.42-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
27 February 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (405383 km from Earth) at 5:28.

March.
02 March 2016 - Comet 194P / LINEAR reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.01-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
02 March 2016 - the last quarter moon. at 1:11.
06 March 2016 - Comet D / Denning (1894 F1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.01-year orbit. Her return has been seen 1 times.
07 March 2016 - Comet P / PanSTARRS Lemmon (2015 TO 19) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.30-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
 ►08 March 2016 - Jupiter in opposition. Jupiter will be closest to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the sun. An opposition happens when a planet is at an elongation of 180 ° and thus appears opposite the Sun in the sky. This is the best time to observe Jupiter.
09 March 2016 - Comet P / SOHO (2003 T12 = 2012 A3) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 4.12-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
09 March 2016 - total solar eclipse, 3:57, mag = 1.045. Total solar eclipse will be visible from Svalbard and the Faroe Islands. The eclipse will be partial to the people of South and East Asia, Pacific and Indian Ocean.
09 March 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 3:54.
10 March 2016 - Comet P / iKey-Murakami (2010 V1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.40-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
10 March 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2014 W2) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a known orbit. Its return was seen 0 times.
10 March 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (359509 km from Earth) at 9:02.
14 March 2016 - Aldebaran 0.3 ° S Moon at 15:44.
15 March 2016 - the first quarter of the moon. at 19:03.
17 March 2016 - Comet 127P / Holt-Olmstead reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.41-year orbit. Its return was observed 4 times.
17 March 2016 - Comet 252P / LINEAR reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.34-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
20 March 2016 - Venus at aphelion. The planet will be at its farthest point from the Sun at 16:00.
20 March 2016 - March equinox (spring). March equinox occurs at 18:57. Sun will shine directly on the equator and the days and nights are almost equal worldwide. This is also the first day of spring (vernal equinox) in the northern hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the southern hemisphere.
23 March 2016 - the penumbra lunar eclipse, at 13:47, mag = 0.775. Earth will be between the Sun and the Moon and the Earth's shadow will cover the lunar disk. This eclipse of the moon will be visible from most of Asia, North America, South America, Australia, the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
23 March 2016 - Full moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 14:02.
23 March 2016 - Mercury in superior conjunction 22:00.
25 March 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (406125 km from Earth) at 16:16.
26 March 2016 - Comet 104P / Kowal reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.89-year orbit. Its return was observed 5 times.
31 March 2016 - the last quarter of the moon. at 17:17.

April.
02 April 2016 - Comet 100P / Hartley reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.35-year orbit. Its return was observed 5 times.
05 April 2016 - Mercury perihelion. The planet will be at its closest point to the Sun at 19:00.
06 April 2016 - Comet D / Schorr (1918 W1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.51-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
06 April 2016 - occultation. Venus 0.7 ° S from the Moon 10:30.
07 April 2016 - Comet 190p / Mueller at perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.74-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
07 April 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 13:24.
07 April 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (357164 km from Earth) at 19:36.
10 April 2016 - Comet 321P / SOHO at perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 3.77-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
11 April 2016 - Aldebaran 0.4 ° S from the Moon at 0:05.
14 April 2016 - The moon at first quarter. at 5:59.
18 April 2016 - Mercury at greatest elongation at: 19.9 ° E, at 16:00.
20 April 2016 - Comet PANSTARRS (2013 X1) at perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return has not been observed.
21 April 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (406352 km from Earth) at 18:05.
22 April 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 7:24.
April 22-23, 2016 - Lyrid meteor shower. Lyrids are meteor showers with medium intensity, usually producing about 20 meteors per hour. These meteors can produce bright dust tail that takes a few seconds. Some meteors may be visible between April 16 to 25. These meteors radiate from the constellation Lyra, and their source Comet Thatcher 18611.
29 April 2016 - Comet 53P / Van Biesbroeck at perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.85-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
30 April 2016 - The moon at last quarter . at 5:29.

May.
01 May 2016 - Comet 302P / Lemmon PanSTARRS reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 12.6-year orbit. Its return was observed 5 times.
01 May 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2015 D3) of perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return has not been observed.
05/06 May 2016 - Eta Aquarid meteor shower. Eta Aquarids usually produce about 10 meteors per hour. The highest intensity usually take place on 5 and 6. The radiant point is the constellation Aquarius, and the meteors originates from Comet Halley. The best observations are usually to the east after midnight, away from city lights. This year, New Moon will make this event a favorable time for observation.
06 May 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2015 B2) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return has not been observed.
06 May 2016 - Luna reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (357828 km from Earth) at 06:14.
06 May 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:29.
08 May 2016 - Aldebaran 0.5 ° S Moon at 10:21.
09 May 2016 - rare transit of Mercury across the Sun's disk. The planet Mercury will pass directly between Earth and the Sun. Observers with telescopes and solar filters will notice Mercury as it moves across the face of the Sun. This is an extremely rare event that occurs only every few years. There will not be another transit until 2019 and the next will be in 2039. This transit will be visible from North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, and parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
09 May 2016 - Mercury at inferior conjunction at 17:00.
13 May 2016 - Comet 77P / Longmore reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.88-year orbit. Its return has been seen 6 times.
13 May 2016 - the first quarter of the moon. at 19:02.
19 May 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (405934 km from Earth) at 0:06.
21 May 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase takes place 23:15.
24 May 2016 - Comet 224P / LINEAR-NEAT reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.31-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
26 May 2016 - Spacewatch Comet (2011 KP 36) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an orbit 238 years. Its return has not been observed.
27 May 2016 - Comet Gibbs (2007 R3) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.92-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
29 May 2016 - the last quarter of the moon. at 14:12..
31 May 2016 - Comet 136P / Mueller reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.62-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
31 May 2016 - Comet 216P / LINEAR reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.63-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.

June.

03 June 2016 - Saturn opposition. The planet Saturn will be closest to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the sun.
03 June 2016 - occultation. Mercury Moon 0.7 ° N at 11:47.
03 June 2016 - Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (361142 km from Earth) at 12:55.
05 June 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 4:59.
05 June 2016 - Mercury at greatest elongation at: 24.2 ° W, 11:00.
07 June 2016 - Venus at superior conjunction at 00:00.
10 June 2016 - Comet 157P / Tritton perihelion, the closest position from the sun. It has a 6.29-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
10 June 2016 - Comet 202P / Scotti perihelion, the closest position from the sun. It has a 7.33-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
11 June 2016 - Jupiter 1.5 ° N of Moon at 21:35.
12 June 2016 - the first quarter the moon, at 10:10.
14 June 2016 - Comet P / Scotti (2011 A2) perihelion, the closest position from the sun. It has a 5.47-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
15 June 2016 - Moon at apogee. the moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (405022 km from Earth), 02:00.
17 June 2016 - Comet 118p / Shoemaker-Levy perihelion, the closest position from the sun. It has a 6.44-year orbit. Its return was observed 4 times.
20 June 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 13:02.
21 June 2016 - June solstice (summer). June solstice occurs at 0:34. North Pole of the earth will be tilted towards the Sun, which will reach the northernmost position in the sky. This is the first day of summer (summer solstice) in the northern hemisphere and the first day of winter (winter solstice) in the southern hemisphere.
27 June 2016 - the last quarter the moon. at 20:12.
30 June 2016 - Comet 146P / Shoemaker-LINEAR perihelion, the closest position from the sun. It has a 8.11-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.

July.
01 July 2016 - Comet 207 P / NEAT perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.64-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
01 July 2016 - Comet P / SOHO (1999 N5 = 2005 E4) perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.67-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
01 July 2016 - Comet P / SOHO (2000 O3) perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.31-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
01 July 2016 - the Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (365983 km from Earth) at 8:45.
02 July 2016 - Comet 208P / McMillan perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.15-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
02 July 2016 - Mercury at perihelion. The planet will be at its closest point to the Sun at 18:00.
03 July 2016 - Aldebaran 0.4 ° S Moon at 5:58.
04 July 2016 - New Moon. the Moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 13:01.
04 July 2016 - Earth at aphelion. Earth reaches the furthest point from the Sun, 1.01675 AU, 18:00.
07 July 2016 - Mercury in superior conjunction 05:00.
08 July 2016 - Comet P / WISE (2010 N1) perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.95-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
11 July 2016 - Venus at perihelion. The planet will be at its closest point to the Sun at 01:00.
12 July 2016 - the first quarter the Moon. at 2:52.
13 July 2016 - Moon at apogee. the Moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (404272 km from Earth) at 7:24.
14 July 2016 - Comet 279 P / La Sagra perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.78-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
18 July 2016 - Comet 56P / Slaughter-Burnham perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 11.5-year orbit. Its return was observed 5 times.
20 July 2016 - Comet 81P / Wild perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.41-year orbit. Its return has been seen 6 times.
20 July 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 1:57.
24 July 2016 - Comet P / Gibbs (2009 K1) perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.09-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
25 July 2016 - Comet 150P / Lone perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.66-year orbit. Its return was observed 4 times.
27 July 2016 - the last quarter the Moon. 01:00.
27 July 2016 - the Moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (369659 km from Earth) at 13:25.
July 27, 2016 - South Delta Aquarids can produce about 20 meteors per hour. Radiant point for these meteors is in the constellation Aquarius.

August.
02 August 2016 - Comet 9P / Tempel reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.58-year orbit. Its return was seen 11 times.
02 August 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 22:44.
07 August 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2014 R3) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return has not been observed.
10 August 2016 - Comet P / Barnard (1884 O1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.41-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
10 August 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (404266 km from Earth) at 2:05.
10 August 2016 - The moon the first quarter. at 20:21.
12,13 August 2016 - Perseid Meteor shower. Perseids are one of the best meteor showers, producing up to 60 meteors per hour at their peak hours. Radiant point will be in the constellation Perseus, and they come from the tail of Comet Swift-Tuttle. This year, the first quarter of the moon will make this event a favorable time for observation.
15 August 2016 - Mercury at aphelion. The planet will be at its farthest point from the Sun at 18:00.
16 August 2016 - Comet 225P / LINEAR reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.98-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
16 August 2016 - Mercury at greatest elongation at: 27.4 ° E, at 23:00.
18 August 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:26.
19 August 2016 - Comet 43P / Wolf-Harrington reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.13-year orbit. Its return was seen 11 times.
22 August 2016 - Comet 33P / Daniel reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.07-year orbit. Its return was seen 10 times.
22 August 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (367047 km from Earth) at 3:20.
25 August 2016 - The moon at the last quarter at 5:41.
30 August 2016 - Comet P / Catalina (1999 V1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 16.9-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
31 August 2016 - Comet 144P / Kushida reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.57-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.

September.
01 September 2016 - Annular solar eclipse (impossible to see in Europe), at 11:07, mag = 0974. A partial solar eclipse occurs when the Moon covers only part of the solar disk and sometimes resembles a bite of a cookie. Total solar eclipse will be visible from most of Africa, in Western Australia, Atlantic and Indian Ocean, and Antarctica.
01 September 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 11:03
03 September 2016 - Neptune opposition. The planet Saturn will be closest to Earth and Its face will be fully illuminated by the sun.
05 September 2016 - Comet 226P / Pigott-LINEAR-Kowalski-reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.32-year orbit. Its return was observed 4 times.
06 September 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (405059 km from Earth) at 20:44.
09 September 2016 - the first quarter of the moon at 13:49.
10 September 2016 - Comet 212 P / NEAT reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.76-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
13 September 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2015 H2) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return has not been observed.
13 September 2016 - Mercury at inferior conjunction 02:00.
16 September 2016 - the penumbra lunar eclipse (visible in Europe), at 20:54, mag = 0.908. Earth will be between the Sun and the Moon and the Earth's shadow will cover the lunar disk. This eclipse of the moon will be visible from Europe, Asia, Australia, western South America, Africa and oceans Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Antarctica.
16 September 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 21:05.
18 September 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (361894 km from Earth) at 19:00.
22 September 2016 - September equinox (autumn). September equinox occurs at 16:21. Sun will shine directly on the equator and the days and nights will be almost equal worldwide. This is also the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the northern hemisphere and the first day of spring (vernal equinox) in the southern hemisphere.
23 September 2016 - Aldebaran 0.2 ° S Moon at 0:13.
23 September 2016 - last quarter of the moon at 11:56.
28 September 2016 - Mercury at greatest elongation at: 17.9 ° W, 21:00.

October.
01 October 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 2:11.
04 October 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (406100 km from Earth) at 13:02.
07 October 2016 - Comet 314P / Mountain reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 19.6-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
09 October 2016 - the first quarter of the moon. at 6:33.
11 October 2016 - Comet 237P / LINEAR reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.57-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
11 October 2016 - Comet P / SOHO (1999N5 = 2005 G2) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.76-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
15 October 2016 - Uranus opposition. Uranus will be the closest to Earth and Its face will be fully illuminated by the sun.
16 October 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 6:23.
17 October 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (357860 km from Earth) at 1:36.
21,22 October 2016 - Orionid Meteor shower. Orionids meteor shower is a medium intensity, producing about 20 meteors per hour. Orionids originate from comet Halley. This year, the last quarter of the moon will make this event a favorable time for observation.
22 September 2016 - Comet 238 P / Read reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.63-year orbit. Its return was observed 2 times.
22 October 2016 - the last quarter of the moon at 21:14.
27 October 2016 - Comet 94P / Russell reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.58-year orbit. Its return was observed 5 times.
30 October 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 19:38.
31 October 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (406660 km from Earth) at 21:29.

November.
01 November 2016 - Read Comet (2005 S3) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 10.8-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
07 November 2016 - the first quarter of the moon at 11:03.
08 November 2016 - Comet LINEAR (2010 A2) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 3.47-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
08 November 2016 - Comet 288P / Spacewatch = (300,163) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.32-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
11 November 2016 - Comet D / Haneda-Campos (1978 R1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 6.44-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
12, 13 November, 2016 - Taurid Meteor shower. Taurids are a minor lasting shower of meteors that produces only about 5 to 10 meteors per hour. It is unusual in that it consists of two separate streams. The first is produced by dust particles of asteroid 2004 TG10. The second current is produced by debris left by Comet Encke 2P. The full moon will not make this event a favorable time for observation.
14 November 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (356512 km from Earth) at 13:23.
14 November 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 15:52.
15 November 2016 - Aldebaran 0.4 ° S Moon at 18:50.
17, 18 November, 2016 - Leonid Meteor shower. Leonids Meteor showers are one of the best for observation. We will see about 40 meteors per hour. Leonids have a cyclic peak year every 33 years when hundreds of meteors can be seen each hour.
18 November 2016 - Comet P / Boattini (2008 Q1) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 8.76-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
21 November 2016 - the last quarter of the moon at 10:33.
23 November 2016 - Comet P / McNaught (2008 J3) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.71-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
23 November 2016 - Comet 323P / SOHO reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 4.15-year orbit. Its return was observed 3 times.
27 November 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (406556 km from Earth) at 22:08.
29 November 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 14:18.

December.
06 December 2016 - Comet 316P / LANOS reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 11.2-year orbit. Its return has been seen 1 times.
07 December 2016 - the first quarter of the moon at 6:33.
10 December 2016 - Comet PanSTARRS (2014 OE4) reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has an unknown orbit. Its return has not been observed.
11 December 2016 - Mercury at greatest elongation at: 20.8 ° E, at 06:00.
13 December 2016 - The moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth (358463 km from Earth) at 1:27.
13, 14 December, 2016 - Geminids - meteor shower considered by many to be the best meteor shower. Geminids are known for producing multicolored meteors to 60 per hour at their peak. This year, the full moon will make this event an unfavorable moment for observation.
14 December 2016 - Full Moon. Earth will be between the Sun and Moon, and therefore, the Moon will be fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This phase occurs at 2:06.
15 December 2016 - Comet 89P / Russell reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 7.32-year orbit. Its return was observed 5 times.
21 December 2016 - the last quarter of the moon at 3:56.
21 December 2016 - Winter Solstice. December solstice occurs at 12:44. South Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the Sun, and will reach the northernmost position in the sky. This makes it the first day of winter (winter solstice) in the northern hemisphere and the first day of summer (summer solstice) in the southern hemisphere.
22, 23 December, 2016 - Ursid Meteor shower . Ursids are a minor meteor shower that produces only about 5 to 10 meteors per hour. It is produced by dust left by comet Tuttle, which was discovered in 1790. This year, the last quarter of the moon will make this event a favorable time for observation.
25 December 2016 - Moon at apogee. The moon reaches the furthest point from the Earth (405870 km from Earth) at 7:55.
28 December 2016 - Mercury at inferior conjunction at 21:00.
29 December 2016 - New Moon. The moon will be directly between the Earth and Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 8:53.
31 December 2016 - Comet 45P / Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova reaches perihelion, the closest position of the sun. It has a 5.26-year orbit. Its return was seen 11 times.

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Astronomical calendar of this article is © Copyright 2010-2015 Lupu Victor. All rights reserved. Article may not be reproduced, published or copied in any form without permission of the author. Thank you for respecting intellectual property rights. Contact.

Legend:
-Perihelion-position in the orbit of a planet closest to the Sun.
-Aphelion - position in the orbit of a planet farthest from the Sun.
-Perigee -  the position of the Moon closest to Earth.
-Apogee -  the position of the Moon farthest to Earth.
-Inferior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passing between the Earth and Sun.
-Superior Conjunction - Mercury or Venus passes on the opposite side of the Sun from Earth.
-Greatest elongation - elongation is the angle between the Sun and a planet as seen from Earth, during eastern elongation (E), the planet appears as an evening star, during western elongation (W), the planet appears as a morning star.
-Opposition - position in the orbit of a planet when opposites the Sun as seen from Earth.

-Conjunction - position in the orbit of a planet when appears closer to the Sun as seen from Earth.
-Occultation - Moon occults or eclipses a star or a planet.
-Ascending Node - the point where a planet passes from the southern to the northern part of its orbit.
-Descending Node - the point where a planet passes from the northern to the southern side of its


See the astronomical calendar for 2016 in romanian language.
See the astronomical calendar for 2016 in italian language.


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